On This Day


Hello everyone,

From Hitler, to King Haakon, and all in between, enjoy today's edition of 'On This Day'


1429- Joan of Arc arrives at the siege of Orleans

1587- Sir Francis Drake sails into Cadiz, in Spain, and sinks the Spanish fleet, which is known as the singeing of the King of Spain’s beard

1661- Pope Clement X is elected

1672- Louis XIV and his French forces invade the Netherlands

1706- Jozef I becomes the ruler of Cologne and Bavaria
1784- Mozart’s ‘Sonata in B flat’ is premiered in Vienna (Image Right)

1910- The 26th President of the United States, Theodore Roosevelt, visits Amsterdam, after his term

1916- The Easter Uprisings end in Ireland, with the Irish people leaving the post office in Dublin and surrender.

1930- The telecommunication line between Britain and Australia opens
1940- Norway’s king, Haakon, and his government, flee to Britain (Image Left)

1942- Jews are forced to wear a Jewish Star in the Netherlands

1945- 31, 601 people are liberated by the US Army from the Nazi concentration camp in Dachau

2011- Prince William and Kate Middleton (Now the Duchess of Cambridge) wed at Westminster Abbey


1803- James Brooke, a British explorer, and the first white Rajah of Sarawak, being that from 1841 to 1868
1818- Alexander II N Romanov, Tsar of Russia from 1855 to 1881 (Image Right)

1899- Duke Ellington, composer and pianist

1915- Donald Mills, one of the brother in the Mills Brothers band


1945- Adolf Hitler, then 56, marries Eva Braun, who was then 33

2011- The now Duke and Duchess of Cambridge, Prince William and Princess Catherine, marry at Westminster Abbey


1980- Alfred Hitchcock, English director, dies at the age of 80(Image Left)


Hello everyone, 

Well, today certainly isn't the day to go mining, as two mines collapsed in West Virginia, on the same date, but it certainly is a good day to read todays edition of 'On This Day'


Richard Mills


1192- Conrad I of Jerusalem, is assassinated two days after his title is confirmed by election (Image Left)

1770- Captain James Cook, and Sir Joseph Banks land at Botany Bay in Australia

1914- A coal mine in West Virginia collapses and 181 die

1924- A coal mine in West Virginia collapses, killing 119

1939- Hitler claims that the German and Polish non-attack treaty is still on

1941- The last of the British troops in Greece surrender

1952- Dwight D Eisenhower, the 32nd President of the united States, resigns as the Supreme Commander of NATO

1968- A 4 year old is strangled by 11 year old Mary Bell

1969- President of France, Charles de Gaulle

1996- Port Arthur Massacre  occurred, by gunman Martin Bryant, and killed 35 people, and injured 24. The perpetrator is now serving 35 life sentences, as well as 1035 years in prison, as a whole, over a range of charges including murder. He serves his term in Solitary Confinement, and is only allowed immediate family to visit him. He has no chance of parole, and is never to be released. (Bryant pictured right)


32- Roman Emperor, Marcus Salvius Otto

1442- King of England from 1461 to 1470 and then 1471 to 1483, Edward IV

1758- 5th President of the United States from 1817 to 1825, James Monroe, (Imaged Right)


1967- Rupert Murdoch (36) marries Anna Torv (22)


1192- Conrad I, King of Jerusalem

1936- King of Egypt from 1922 to 1936, Foead I
1945- Benito Mussolini, Italian fascist dictator during World War I (Imaged Left)




Hello everyone,

From the Tea Act, to Beethoven, and all in between, check today's edition of 'On This Day'


Richard Mills


1124- David I becomes the King of the Scots

1296- Edward I and his forces defeat the Scots at the battle of Dunbar
1509- Venice is excommunicated by Pope Julius II (Image Left)

1565- The first Spanish settlement in the Philippines, called Cebu City

1646- King Charles I flees from Oxford

1749- George Frederic Handel’s ‘Firework’s Music’ is first performed in London, at Green Park

1773- The Tea Act is passed by the British Parliament

1810- Beethoven composes his famous song, Für Elise

1840- The founding stone of the Palace of Westminster is laid by the wife of Sir Charles Barry
1865- Steamboat ‘SS Sultana’ explodes in the Mississippi River, which kills 1800 of the 2427 people on-board (Image Right)

1945- Italian Dictator, Benito Mussolini, is captured by the Italian people at Lake Como


1650- Queen of Denmark and Norway, Charlotte Amalie of Hassel-Kassel

1701- King of Sardinia, Charles Emanuel I

1791- Samuel Morse

1822- 18th President of the united States from 1896 to 1877, Ulysses S. Grant (Image Left)

1848- King of Bavaria, Otto I


19810 Beatles star, Ringo Starr, married Barbara Bach, an actress


630- King Ardashir III of Persia

1124- King of Scots from 1107 to 1124, Alexander I (Image Right)

1605- Leo XI, (previously Alessandro O de’ Medici), Italian pope in 1605, dies at the age of 69

1682- Theodorus III, Tsar of Russia from 1676 to 1682

1893- the 14th Premier of New Zealand, John Balance, and the founder of the Liberal Party



Hello everyone,

from assassinations, to assassins, Shakespeare to Universities, theres a lot to catch up on in todays edition of' 'On This Day'


Richard Mills


757- Pope Stephen II is replaced by his brother, Paolo Orsini, as Paul I

1220- Bishops are granted sovereign rights by German King, Frederick II

1336- Mount Ventoux is climbed by Renaissance poet, Francesco Petrarch (Image Left)

1478- Lorenzo and Giuliano de Medici, are attacked by Pazzi supporters, during Easter Sunday, in the Duomo of Florence, Santa Maria del Fiore, and Giuliano is assassinated, by Francesco de Pazzi and Bernardo Baroncelli, from a sword wound to his head, and he was later stabbed 23 times. 

1607- The 1st English colony in America is formed, at Cape Henry, Virginia

1654- Jews are banned from Brazil

1677- The University of Innsbruck, is formed by Leopold I

1755- The first University opens in Russian, in Moscow

1814- Louis XVIII of France, lands in England, at Calais (Image Right)

1828- To support Greece’s independence, Russia declares war on Turkey

1853- The second chamber is disbanded by Dutch king William III

1859- Dan Sickles becomes the first man to be acquitted of murder on the grounds of ‘insanity’, in America

1929- The first non-stop flight from England to India lands

1951- Brielsche Mausoleum, is opened by Queen Juliana of the Netherlands

1959- Panama is invaded by Cuba


121- Roman Emperor from 161 to 180, Antonius Marcus Aurelius, is born in Rome

1564- William Shakespeare. Now you might remember, that a few days ago, I also wrote about Shakespeare’s birth and death, but this does not render that true, it is just that today is considered to be Shakespeare’s ‘baptism’

1573- Queen of France, Marie de Medici (Image Left)

1648- King of Portugal from 1683 to 1706, Pedro II

1662- Queen consort of Spain, Maria Luisa of Orleans

1782- Maria Amelia of Bourbon-Sicily, and the wife of Louis Phillip of Austria

1856- The 17th Prime Minister of New Zealand, Sir Joseph Ward


1923- Albert, Duke of York (later King George VI), marries Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon (later Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother), at Westminster Abbey

1987- Actor, Arnold Schwarzenegger, marries Maria Shriver

757- Pope Stephen II, Pope from 752 to 757

1192- Emperor Go-Shirakawa of Japan

1196- Alfonso II, King of Aragon from 1162 to 1196

1865- John Booth Wilkes, assassin of President Abraham Lincoln, is shot dead, at the age of 27 (Image Right)

1989- Actress Lucille Ball dies from a heart attack at the age of 78



Hello everyone,

Today, in Australia, I know, and lots of other countries, we are commemorating ANZAC day, when the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps landed upon the shores of Gallipoli, at modern day ANZAC Cove.
We Will Remember Them


1607- The Battle at Gibraltar results in the victory of Dutch ships, and the defeat of the Spanish/Portuguese forces

1614- The Amsterdam Bank of Loans forms
1660- Charles II, English King from 1660 to 1985, wins a vote in which it is decided that England would restore the monarchy, and crown Charles II (Image Right)

1684- The patent for the thimble is granted

1719- Daniel Defoe publishes ‘Robinson Crusoe’. You may remember that it was his death-day yesterday in 1731.

1747- Prince Willem V, is declared the viceroy of New Zealand

1792- The guillotine has its first use today, in France, where it was used to execute highwayman, Nicolas Pelletier

1829- Charles Freemantle, from HMS Challenger, lands upon the modern-day coast of Western Australia

1867- Tokyo opens up for foreign trade

1881- A petition in Germany dictates that 250,000 Germans wanted Jews to be barred from entering Germany

1886- The Father of psyology, Sigmund Freud, opens a practice at Rathausstrasse 7, in Vienna

1915- The Battle of Gallipoli begins, with Australian and New Zealand forces landing at present day ‘ANZAC Cove’ (Image Left)

1945- Berlin is completely surrounded by the Red Army


1214- King of France from 1226 to 1270, King Louis IX

1229- King of Germany, Jerusalem and Sicily, Conrad IV
1284- King of England from 1307 to 1327, King Edward II (Image Right)

 1599- Oliver Cromwell, Lord Protector of England from 1653 to 1658


68- The founder of Christianity in Africa, St Mark

1295- King of Castile, Sancho IV the Brave

1342- Pope from 1334 to 1342, Pope Benedict XII

1566- French King, Henry II’s mistress, Diane de Poitiers dies at the age of 66
1605- King of Siam, Naresuan

1744- Anders Celsius, a Swedish astronomer who proposed the Celsius temperature scale, dies at the age of 42 (Image Right)



Hello everyone, 

although there weren't many births today, there were many weddings 'On This Day', which was unusual, anyhow, enjoy today's edition of 'On This Day'


Richard Mills


1479BC- Thutmose III gains the crown, although according to the Lower chronology of the 18th dynasty, Hatshepsut essentially gains control

1184 BC- The traditional date for the Greeks entering Troy in the Trojan horse

858- Benedict III is succeeded by Nicholas I for Pope (Nicholas I Imaged Left)

1066- Sparks from the Halleys comet provokes an English monk to predict that the country will be destroyed

1888- The Eastman Kodak company forms

1899- Queen Victoria is asked for aid by the Transvaal British Uitlanders

1953- Winston Churchill is knighted by Queen Elizabeth II

1954- the USSR and Australia break diplomatic relations

1961- 17th Century Swedish warship, Vasa, which sunk on her maiden voyage in 1628, is salvaged

2005- Pope Benedict XVI is sworn in as the 265th Pope


1533- William I of Orange (Image Right)

1924- Sir Clement Freud, British writer, politician and radio personality


1558- Queen Mary Stuart of Scotland weds French King, François

1963- English Princess Alexandra marries Sir Angus Ogivy, at Westminster Abbey

1992- David Bowie, British rock star, marries Swiss supermodel, Iman
2004- Prince Friso of Orange, the 2nd son of Queen Beatrix of Netherlands, weds Mabel Wisse Smit, without permission of Parliament House. (Image Right)


2007- Whitney Houston divorces Bobby Brown


709- English saint, Wilfrid

729- Egbert, English saint
1077- King of Hungary from 1074 to 1077, Geza I

1185- Emperor of Japan from 1180 to 1185, Antoku Taira, drowns

1731- Daniel Defoe, English novelist, especially famed for Robinson Crusoe, dies around the age of 70 (Image Left)

1942- Canadian author, Lucy Maud Montgomery, especially famed for her book, Anne of Green Gables

1986- the Duchess of Windsor, Wallis Simpson, whom English King, Edward VIII abdicated his throne to marry, dies at the age of 89

2004- Estee Lauder, American cosmetics


Hello everyone, 

well, 400 years ago, Shakespeare died, and he was born a few years earlier, but to add to that, there are many interesting people that were born/ died 'On This Day' in History!


Richard Mills


215 BC- A temple dedicated to Venus Erycina, to commemorate the Roman defeat at Lake Trasimene

1014- Ireland is freed of foreign control, when King Brian Boru defeats the Viking forces at the battle of Clontarf

1343- St. George’s Night uprising in Estonia (St George pictured Right)

1348- The first English order of knighthood is created, being the Order of Garter

1516- Duke of Bavaria, Wilhelm IV, endorses the ‘German Beer Standard Law’

1597- William Shakespeare’s play, ‘The Merry Wives of Windsor’ is performed for the first time, also with Queen Elizabeth I in attendance

1661- King Charles II is crowned in London, after

1851- The first Canadian postage stamp is issued

1867- Napoleon and Queen Victoria both decline plans for a channel tunnel.

1932- At Stratford-on Avon,  The Shakespeare Memorial Theatre opens

1935- Poland adopts a constitution

2005- The first YouTube video is uploaded, called ‘Me at the zoo’


1170- Queen of France, Isabelle of Hainaut

 1185- King of Portugal, King Alfonso II

1464- Queen of France, Johanna van Valois

1564- William Shakespeare, English Poet and playwright, is born at Stratford-upon-Avon (Image Left)

1676- King of Sweden, King Frederick I

1791- 15th President of America from 1857 to 1861, James Buchanan

1897- 14th Prime Minister of Canada from 1963 to 1968, Lester B Pearson


1445- Margaret of Anjou marries King Henry VI

1956- C.S. Lewis marries poet Joy Davidman


1992- Princess Anne, Queen Elizabeth’s only daughter, divorces Captain Mark Phillips, after 19 years of marriage


34- Jesus Christ, according to Isaac Newton

303- Patron saint of England, Saint George is beheaded

725- King of Kent, Wihtred

871- King of Wessex, Ethelred I, also the brother of Alfred the Great

1014- King Brian Boru, King of Ireland, dies in the Battle at Clontarf (In the History section) (Image Right)

1016- King of England from 979 to 1016, Æthelred II or ‘The Unsteady’

1151- Queen of England, Queen Adeliza

1217- King of Norway, King Inge II

1605- Tsar of Russia from 1568 to 1605, Boris Godunov, dies from stroke at around the age of 20

1616- William Shakespeare , English poet and playwright  dies at the age of 52, dies on his birthday

1625- Prince of Orange, Maurice of Nassau, dies at the age of 57

1850- William Wordsworth, English Poet



Hello Everyone,

Well, whether it was wars, or Lord Protectors, Kings, or Queens, today was a busy day in history!


Richard Mills


296- St Gaius’ reign as Catholic Pope (from 283 to 296) comes to an end

536- St. Agapetus I ends his reign as the Catholic Pope, which he was from 535 to 536

1370- Building of the Bastille Fortress begins in Paris (Image Right)

1500- Brazil is discovered by Pedro Alvarez Cabral of Portugal, and so, it is claims for Portugal

1521- François I, French King, claims was on Spain

1648- Charles I is claimed responsible for bloodshed by the English Army

1659- The British Parliament is disbanded by the Lord Protector, Oliver Cromwell

 1671- Charles II, English King, sits in on English Parliament

1930- The London Naval Treaty is signed by the US, Britain and Japan

1963- Canada’s 14th Prime Minister, Lester B Pearson, is sworn in


1357- King of Portugal from 1383 to 1433, Johan I

1451- Queen of Spain from 1479 to 1504, Isabella I of Castille (Image Right)

1610- Italian Pope from 1689 to 1891, Pope Alexander VIII

1870- Vladimir Lenin

1872- Queen of Finland, Princess Margaret of Prussia


296- Pope Caius

536- St Agapetus

1355- Daughter of King Edward II, Eleonora Plantagenet dies at the age of 36

1648- Daughter of Willem van Nassau, Catharina Belgian van Nassau, dies around the age of 69
1782- Irish Pirate, Anne Bonny, dies in prison

1833- Inventor of the steam locomotive, Richard Trevithick, dies at the age of 62

1933- Co-founder of the Rolls Royce Motor Company, Frederick Henry Royce (Image Left)

1994- The 37th President of the United States of America from 1969 to 1975, Richard Nixon, dies at 81 from stroke



Hello everyone,

Rejoice, the Queen was born on this day, in all her splendor! As well as this wonderful occurrence, there are many other interesting things that happened 'On This Day' like the meeting of the Rolling Stones and the Beatles for the first time. Catch up on history today!


Richard Mills


753 BC- Romulus and Remus found the city of Rome (this is the traditional date)

1453- Ottoman Turk ships sink Constantinople ship, Golden Receiver

1536- While feigning illness, Thomas Cromwell began to plan and plot the downfall of Anne Boleyn (Anne Boleyn imager Right)

1689- William and Mary Stuart are announced King and Queen of England

1785- Empress Catherine II of Russia, confers on the ‘Charter to the nobility’, which increases the power of the land oligarchs, who are essentially wealthy businessmen who held political influence and power

1789- the 1st Vice President, John Adams, is sworn in, nine days before Washington

1796- Napoleon and his French forces defeat the Piedmontese people at the Battle of Mondovi

1846- At the battle San Jacinto, Texas wins independence from Mexico

1865- Abraham Lincoln’s funeral train leaves Washington

1878- The First Lady at the time, Lady Lucy Hayes, beings the first Egg rolling Competition on the lawn of the White House

1788- the 1st fireman pole is installed in New York

1894- ‘Arms and the Man’, by George Bernard Shaw, is premiered in London

1908- Frederick A Cook claims that he reached the North Pole (but he didn’t) (Image Right)

1956- Elvis Presley records his number one hit, Heartbreak Hotel

1959- 1211kg  (Over 1 tonne) Great White Shark is caught on a fishing rod, making it the largest fish caught on a rod

1960- Brazil’s capital, Brasilia, is formed

1963- The rolling Stones meet the Beatles for the first time


1673- Holy Roman Empress, Wilhelmina of Brunswick

1816- Charlotte Brönte, English Author of Jane Eyre, born in West Yorkshire

1924- Daniel Melnick, producer of Get Smart

1926- Her Royal Highness, Queen Alexandra Mary Windsor, Elizabeth II, Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland from 1952 to the present (Image Left)


1073- Pope Alexander II, Pope from 1061 to 1073

1329- Frederick IV Duke of Lorraine

1509- King Henry VII, the first Tudor King from 1485 to 1509, dies at the age of 59

1574- Cosimo de Medici, Italian Duke of Toscane, dies at the age of 54
1910- Mark Twain(is his pen name), or Samuel Clemens, author, dies at the age of 74

2013- Leopold Engleitner, survivor of the Austrian Holocaust, dies at the age of 107 (Image Right)



Hello everyone,

while today was interesting, it was spoilt by the birth of Adolf Hitler :(. Anyway, enjoy today's edition of 'On This Day'.

Richard Mills


1611- First recorded performance of Shakespeare’s ‘Macbeth’

1653- Oliver Cromwell routes the English Parliament to his house

1759- George Frederic Handel is buried in Westminster Abbey in London
1770- Captain Cook arrives in what is now known as New South Wales (Australia) (Image Right)

1904- George Bernard Shaw’s ‘Canadida’ premieres in London

1919- King Nicholas of Montenegro, abdicates under threats

1931- The British Commons agrees that sport should be played on Sunday

1947- Frederik IX becomes the king of Denmark

1968- Pierre Trudeau, is sworn in as Canada’s 15th Prime Minister


1442- King of England from 1461 to 1483, King Edward IV

1808- Napoleon III (Louis-Napoleon) Emperor of France from 1852 to 1871

1839- King of Romania from 1881 to 1914, Carol I (Image Left)

1884- Princess Beatrice , who died in 1966 (ie. Not the present Beatrice)

1889- Adolf Hitler, German dictator from 1936 to 1945, and main reason for World War II.


1164- Victor IV, Italian anti-pope from 1159 to 1164

1314- Pope Clement V, pope from 1305 to 1314

1521- Emperor of China, Shengde

1812- George Clinton, the 4th US Vice President, becomes the first Vice President to die in office.
1912- Bram Stoker, author of Dracula, dies at the age of 64 (Image Right)

1947- King of Denmark from 1912 to 1947, Christian X, dies at the age of 76 


Hello everyone,

It seems like history was slowing down at the end of April! No matter, keep looking at this edition of 'On This Day'


Richard Mills


On This Day in history, the Boston marathon was run every year

1770- Captain James Cook first sets sight on Australia
1909- Joan of Arc receives beatification from the Pope and the Roman Catholic Church (Image Left)

1932- Herbert Hoover, the 31st President of America, suggests that people work a five day week.

1934- Shirley Temple stars in her first movie, ‘Stand Up and Cheer’

1941- Milk is rationed in Holland

1947- A French ship explodes, in Texas City Harbour, which kills 522 people

1965- 1st All News Radio station begins in New York City

1982- The 1st woman astronaut, Sally Ride, is announced

2005- Pope Benedict XVI is elected pope on the second day of the Papal Conclave


1320- King of Portugal from 1357 to 1367, King Peter I (Image Right)

1721- Founding father of the United States of America, Roger Sherman

1883- Getulio Vargas, Brazilian president from 1930 to 1945 and then 1951 to 1954.


843- Judith, French Empress,
1054- Pope Leo IX, pope from 1049 to 1054 dies at the age of 51

1390- Robert II, King of Scots (Image Right)

1882- Charles Darwin, dies of heart failure at the age of 73


Hello everyone,

while today wasn't very busy, there were a few important things that heppened on this day like the first laundromat and the selling of London Bridge.


Richard Mills


310- Catholic Pope, St Eusebius begins his reign

1518- Bona Sforza is crowned as the queen consort of Poland

1835- Lord Melbourne forms the British Government

1874- David Livingstone is buried at Westminster Abbey. For more information, go to http://www.westminster-abbey.org/our-history/people/david-livingstone (westminster abbey imaged left)

1906- nearly 4,000 people are killed in an earthquake and fire in San Francisco, while 75% of the city is destroyed

1934- The First Laundromat opens in Texas. It is called the Washateria

1968- London Bridge is sold to an American Oil Company, and is to be erected in Arizona

1975- ‘Stand By Me’ is released by John Lennon

1480- Lucrezia Borgia, murderess (mostly by posion) and daughter of Pope Alexander VI (Lucrezia Borgia imaged right)


1690- Duke of Lotharingen, Charles V Leopold

1955- Albert Einstein, Theoretical Physicist (Image Right)

2015- Joseph Lechleider, American electrical engineer and inventor of DSL/high speed internet technology, dies at 82 



Hello everyone,

Just a short one today, but it is jam-packed with interesting people and events. Enjoy,

Richard Mills


1178 BC – It is believed that a solar eclipse marked the arrival of Odysseus, the legendary King of Ithaca, to his kingdom after the Trojan War

556- Pope Pegasus I begins his reign as Catholic church

1346- The Serbian Empire is proclaimed

1509- Louis XII and his French forces enter the alps

1705- Issac Newton is knighted by Queen Anne at Trinity College in Cambridge

1780- The University of Munster is founded in Germany

1789- George Washington goes for his first presidential inauguration

1862- Slavery is abolished in the State of Columbia

1945- The Red Army begins the Battle of Berlin

1953- Her Royal Majesty, Queen Elizabeth II, launches the British Royal boat, Britannia


778- King Louis the Pious

1319- King John II of France

1652- Clement XII, Pope from 1730 to 1740

1867- Wilbur Wright, American aviator, and co-father of flight

1918- Spike Milligan, British actor and comedian


96- Marcus Salvius Otho, Roman Emperor

924- Beregnar, King of Italy

1113- Russian Prince, Sviatopolk II of Kiev

1118- Adelaide del Vasto, the wife of Roger II of Sicily

1198- Duke Frederick of Austria

1687- 2nd Duke of Birmingham, George Villiers, dies at 59

1760- Laurence Shirley , the 4th Earl of Ferrers, is executed, with the charge of murdering his steward


Hello everyone, from explorers to Popes, presidents to painters, today certainly was a busy day in history.


Richard Mills


1205- Bulgaria defeats Emperor Boudouin of Constantinople in the Battle at Adrianople

1250- Pope Innocent III knocks back the Jews request to build a synagogue

1450- The French forces defeat the British forces at the battle of Formigny, which was part of the Hundred Years War

1493- Christopher Columbus meets with King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of Spain

1534- Thomas Cromwell is appointed Chief Secretary to King Henry VIII (Thomas Cromwell imaged right)

1621- Henry the Great arrives in France

1689- French King, Louis XIV, declared war on Spain

1697- Charles XII becomes King if Sweden, succeeding Charles XI

1729- ‘St Matthew Passion’, composed by Johann Sebastian Bach, is premiered in Leipzig

1738- The bottle opener is invented

1738- George Frederick Handel’s ‘Serse’, an Italian opera, is premiered in London

1776- Duchess of Kingston was found guilty of bigamy. Bigamy was the offence of marrying someone while already married

1793- The first £5 note is issued by the Bank of England

1865- Abraham Lincoln dies 9 hours after being shot while watching the play ‘Our American Cousin’ at Ford’s Theatre

1870- The last day US silver coins were allowed to circulate in Canada

1912- RMS Titanic sinks at 2:27 AM just off Newfoundland

1942- George VI awards the George cross to the people of Malta

1945- Franklin D Roosevelt is buried in the grounds of Hyde Park Home. He was the 32nd President of America

1955- The first McDonalds is opened in America by Ray Kroc

1969- US airplane is shot at by North Korea when it is above the Japanese Sea


1452- Leonardo da Vinci, famous Italian renaissance artist, inventor and scientist (Image Left)

1646- King Christian V of Denmark

1912- Kim II Sung, North Korean leader from 1945 to 1994

1930- Vigdis Finnbogadottir, President of Iceland from 1980 to 1996

1990- Emma Watson, English actress, star in Harry Potter series


1053- Earl of Wessex, Godwin
1502- Jan IV Chalon, Prince of Orange

1764- Madame de Pompadour mistress of Louis XV, King of France, aged 42

1865- Abraham Lincoln dies at the age of 52 from a gunshot wound

1969- Victoria van Battenberg, the wife of Alfonso, the Spanish King,  dies at the age of 81

1998- Pol Pot, Cambodian dictator (Image Right)



Hello everyone, just a short edition of 'On This Day' today for 14th April. Enjoy!


Richard Mills


193- Lucius Septimus Severus is crowned the Emperor of Rome

979- A challenge to the crown of King Aethelred II of England is made
1028- Henry III is crowned king by his father, the German emperor, Conrad II the Sailor

1191- 85 year old Giacinto Bobo is made Pope Coelestinus III

1536- King Henry VIII takes possession of minor monasteries (Image Left)

1611- The first known use of the word ‘telescope’ is made by Prince Federico Cesi

1792- French declares war on Australia, a major part in the beginning of the French Revolutionary wars

1828- Lexicographer, Noah Webster, files America’s first dictionary for copyright (Image Right)

1831- A bridge in Manchester, England, collapses due to soldiers marching on it

1849- Hungary declares itself an independent country, and independent of Austria, and declares Louis Kossuth its leader

1860- The first Pony Express rider arrives in San Francisco from Missouri

1865- The US Secret Service is created

1865- President Abraham Lincoln is assassinated at Ford’s Theatre, being shot by John Wilkes Booth

1912- RMS Titanic hits an iceberg at approximately 11:40pm of Newfoundland

1915- Armenia is invaded by Turks

1919- After Ghandi’s nonviolent methods, Muslims and Hindu’s protest in Britain over British rule. The British troops fire upon them, killing 400. LONG LIVE THE QUEEN!
1927- The first Volvo is premiered in Sweden (Image Right)

1931- Spain becomes a republic, overthrowing their king, King Alfonso XIII

1945- Tokyo is bombed, and their Imperial Palace is damaged after American planes fly overhead and drop bombs

1989- The 1,100,000,000th Chinese person is born


1336- Emperor Go-Kogon of Japan

1578- Phillip III, King of Spain and Portugal from 1598 to 1621

1738- William Cavendish-Bentinck, the 3rd duke of Portland, and British Prime Minister from 1783 to 1807 (Image Left)

1741- Emperor Momozono of Japan

1770- George Canning, British Prime Minister in 1827


711- Childebert III, the King of France dies at the age of 27

911- Sergius III, Italian Pope from 904 to 911.

1759- George Frederick Handel dies at the age of 74

1924- Father of skyscrapers, Louis Sullivan dies at the age of 67


Hello everyone,
From Popes, to Kings, the Pony Express to the Royal Air Force and everything in between, enjoy today's edition of 'On This Day'


Richard Mills


1055- A new Pope is appointed, Bishop Gebhard van Eichstattt is named Pope Victor II

1204- Crusaders occupy Constantinople

1241- The Mongols defeat the Hungarian king, King Béla IV at the battle of Theiss

1250- Egypt defeats the Seventh crusade, and Louis IX of France is captured. Under the support of Pope Innocent IV, King Louis IX invaded Egypt, with the intention to end the Egyptian and Syrian reign and take back the Holy Land (Jerusalem) for themselves. After defeating the Egyptian port of Damietta, Louis IX decided to march to Cairo, where they launched a surprise attack. The Egyptian forces retreated to the town of Al Mansurah, where they organised in the city. They then flung open the city gates, and the crusaders, expecting the city to be deserted, came in, only to find themselves in a tricky position. They had been ambushed. In the battle that followed, only five knights of the Templar survived, but Louis IX did survive. They crusaders retreated outside the city walls where they set up camp. Soon later, King Louis IX surrendered to an eunuch who promised that there would be no death for him or the nobles, if he surrendered. He was kept in the Royal Chancellor’s house, which was being used as a prison. For more information go here–>   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Fariskur (Image Left)

Upon hearing of his capture, France offered a lump sum of 400,000 dinars. Louis was released upon the promise that he would not enter Egypt again. He left Egypt on the 8th of May that year.

1346- German emperor, Louis of Bavaria is made envoy by Pope Clemens VI

1367- England and Castille defeat France and Aragon. You may remember it was the death-day of Joanna of Castille yesterday, but she came into history much later, in the 1500’s

1668- John Dryden, then at the age of 36, is appointed the first poet laureate by Charles II. William Wordsworth would later also becomes a poet laureate

1741- The Royal Military Academy forms in Greenwich, England

1742- George Frederic Handel’s oratorio, Messiah, is performed for the first time in Dublin’s New Music Hall

1796- The first elephant arrives in the US, which came from India

1796-Napoleon defeats the Austrians at the battle at Millesimo

1849- the Hungarian Republic is proclaimed

1860- The first Pony Express (American mail system) arrives in California (Image Right)

1868- The British and Indian troops end the Abyssinian war by capturing Magdala. After the capture of Magdala, the Ethiopian Emperor commits suicide

1869- George Westinghouse patents the first power steam brake

1902- Department Store Founder, James Cash Penney opens his first store in Kemmerer Wyoming

1904- Hereros chase away the German army at the Battle at Oviumbio, Africa

1912- The Royal Flying Corps (later Royal Air Force) forms

1926- Cyclists without the bicycle-tax-stamp are rounded up in Amsterdam

1944- Diplomatic relations between the USSR and New Zealand are formed

1954- Robert Oppenheimer, the father of the Atomic Bomb, is accused of being a communist

1959- Vatican edicts bans Roman Catholics voting for communists

1965- The Beatles release ‘Help’


1519- Catherine de Medici, Italian born Queen consort to Henry II, King of France (Image Left)

1547- Elisabeth of Volais, the daughter of Henry II (and Catherine de Medici)

1570- Guy Fawkes , an English Catholic Conspirator. I will be posting more about him, his life, and his plan for Parliament House, later this week

1573- Christina of Holstein-Gottorp and Queen consort of Sweden

1584- Albert VI of Bavaria

1732- Frederick North, British Prime Minister from 1770 to 1782

1743- Thomas Jefferson, the 3rd President of America from 1801 to 1809

1747- Louis Phillip II, Duke of Orleans

1756- Louis H J Conde, French Prince

1762- Johanna C Wattier-Ziesenis, Dutch actress, who played the role of Lady Macbeth

1771- Adam FJA van der Duyn, Dutch Governor in South Holland

1852- F J Woolworth, American businessman

1930- Justice Harman


1992- Nelson Madela announces he will seek divorce from Winnie. They then went on to split in 1996


1093- Prince Vsevolod I of Keiv. Keiv is the Capital of Ukraine (Image Right)

1635- Prince of Lebanon, Fakhr-al-Din II



Hello everyone, well, from flags, to music, pirates to presidents, plenty happened 'On This Day', the 12th April. Lets hope you can make history today, or at least read about it here!


Richard Mills


1111- Henry V is crowned Emperor of the Roman Empire by Pope Paschalis II. Henry V was also King of Germany and King of Italy.

1204- 4th Crusade, called for by  Pope Innocent III to liberate Jerusalem from the Muslims, occupies and plunders Constantinople, which would later fall to the Ottoman Turks.

1545- Francois I, French King from 1515 to 1547, ordered Protestants in Vaudois be killed.

1557- Cuenca is founded in Ecuador. It is now the capital of the Azuay Province, and has a population of 400,000 to 700,000 people.
1606- England adopts the Union Flag. This is not the same flag as the internationally recognised Union Jack today, but was the flag prior to this. In 1801, the Union Flag was replaced by England’s current, Union Jack. (Image Right shows the progression of the English flag, through to the Union Flag, and then to the Union Flag which is still used today.)

1654- The English Council of State passes the Ordinance of Union, a peace between England and Scotland.

1713- The Dutch held Orange princedom is lost when the Netherlands signs off to peace with France.

1782- the battle at Les Saintes West-Indies results in the British fleet defeating the French

1872- Jesse James ribs a bank in Columbia, Kentucky, America, which results in one deaths, and $1,500 dollars stolen.

1911- First non-stop flight from London to Paris is completed by Pierre Prier in 3 hours and 56 minutes.

1931- Spanish votes reject the monarchy

1945- 32nd US President, Franklin Roosevelt dies while holding office, and his Vice-President,  Harry Truman, is sworn into office as the 33rd US President.

1946- Syria gains independence from France.

1961- Yuri Alexeyevich Gagarin becomes the first man and human to orbit outer space in spaceship Vostok 1.

1963- the Beatles releases ‘From Me To You’ in the UK.

1973- Sudan adopts a constitution

1973- And Swaziland suspends its constitution

1983- Harold Washington is elected as the 1st black mayor of Chicago

1987- Texaco files for bankruptcy. The Oil Industry Company is still running today with its parent organization as Chevron.

1992- Trump Shuttle becomes US Air Shuttle

2009- US Navy rescues Captain Richard Phillips from pirates, killing 3 pirates and capturing the fourth.

2015- Hilary Clinton declares she will run for the Democratic nomination vote, and then US President for the second time.


1577- Christian IV of Denmark (Image Left)

1764- Dirk van den Boetzelaer, Regent of Holland

1912- Herbert Mills, singer in the Mills Brothers

1950- Joyce Banda, President of Malawi, a country in Africa, from 2012 to 2014


1385- John the Fearless, Duke of Burgundy, marries Margaret of Bavaria in a political marriage

1385- Willem van Oostervant of Bavaria weds Phillip the Bold’s daughter, Marguerite who was 10.

2003- Prince Laurent of Belgium (39) marries Claire Coombs (29) in Belgium.


238- Gordian II die in battle at Carthage. He was co-emperor with his father Gordian I.

238- Gordian II suicides after losing battle at Carthage and the death of his son.

351- Julius I, Pope from 337 to 352, dies

1125- Vladislaus I of Bohemia

1550- Claude of Lorraine, duke of Guise dies at the age of 53

1555- Joanna of Castile, also known as Joanna the mad, and wife of Phillip I of Castile, dies at the age of 75 (Image Right)

1945- Franklin Roosevelt, the 32nd US President from 1933 to 1945, dies in office at the age of 63 from stroke.



Hello Everyone, 

I hope you enjoy today's edition of 'On This Day'


Richard Mills


672- Deusdedit III begins his reign as the Catholic Pope

1079- Bishop Stanislaus of Krakow is executed, under orders by Boleslaw II of Poland

1471- War Of The Roses- King Edward IV of England conquers London, and takes it from Henry VI

1551- John Dudley, who was an English premier, is appointed duke of Northumberland

1564- England and France sign the Treaty of Troyes

1567- William of Orange, a Dutch prince, flees Antwerp, and goes to Breda.

1689- William III and Mary II are crowned, as joint ruers of Great Britain. (Image Right)

1775- The last execution, on a charge of witchcraft is carried out

1783- Hostilities on the American Revolutionary War formally cease

1814- French Emperor, Napoleon Bonaparte abdicated, unconditionally, and is exiled to Elba. His abdication is announced in this verbage;
The Allied Powers having declared that Emperor Napoleon was the sole obstacle to the restoration of peace in Europe, Emperor Napoleon, faithful to his oath, declares that he renounces, for himself and his heirs, the thrones of France and Italy, and that there is no personal sacrifice, even that of his life, which he is not ready to do in the interests of France.
Completed in the palace of Fontainebleau.
That was from Wikipedia, and to read more on his exile to Elba, and other areas, go here–> https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Napoleon#Exile_to_Elba

1848- Hungary becomes a constitutional monarchy under the rule of King Ferdinand of Austria

1686- The shogunate is abolished in Japan

1881- ‘Princess Victoria’, a river ferry, sinks in the Thames River, Ontario, killing 180.

1881- Spelman College, in Atlanta, Georgia, America, is founded. It is still running today, and is ranked 177 of private colleges, and 44 in the South.
To see more about this college, and its rankings, go here –> http://www.forbes.com/colleges/spelman-college/

1900- The first modern submarine, designed by John Philip Holland, is sold to the US Navy, where it also makes its debut today. It was called USS Holland, but was decommissioned in 1905.

1912- RMS Titanic leaves Queenstown in Ireland for New York City. (Image Left)

1914- The Mexican President, Victoriano Huerta, cuts off all diplomatic relations and links with the US

1921- The first sports broadcast on the radio happens.

1933- Hermann Goering becomes the premier of Prussia. The Kingdom of Prussia was dissolved in 1947.

1941- Germany suddenly attacks Coventry, England

1941- Jewish newspaper, Jewish weekly, is taken control of by Nazi forces

1941- Jewish assets in the Netherlands are confiscated.

1945- US soldiers liberate the Nazi concentration camp, ‘Buchenwald’

1950- Monaco has a new ruler, Prince Rainier III

1957- Singapore has self-rule, under an agreement with the British

1959- Bernhard, a Dutch prince, visits the Lockheed factory.
1963- Pope John XXIII sends a letter to all the bishops of the Catholic Church about peace, justice, charity and liberty. (Image Right)

1966- Frank Sinatra records his song ‘Strangers in the Night’, a single for his album also entitled ‘Stranger in the Night’. This song later reaches number 1 on the billboard charts.

1970- Apollo 13 launches for the moon. It is unable to land, and returnsto earth six days later.

1970- the Beatles hit ‘Let it be’ hits number 1 on the charts, where it stays for two weeks

1976- Apple I computer, created by Steve Wozniak, is released for purchase.

1980- Paul McCartney releases his son, ‘Coming Up’

1981- Ronald Regan, the US president, arrives back home after being shot by Hinkley

1984- astronauts from the spaceship ‘Challenger’ complete the first in-space repair of a satellite

1984- Vietnam is invaded by China

1986- A 1921 Canadian 50 piece is auctioned in New York City for $22, 000

1986- Halley’s Comet makes its closest approach to Earth, only 63 M km’s away

1988- The Royal Concert Hall in Amsterdam reopens

1992- Irish Republican Army bombs the Central Business District of England, which kills three people.

1996- The ‘King and I’ premiers in New York City in the Neil Simon theatre

2012- Warren Buffet, a Billionaire, is diagnosed with Prostate cancer

2013- In Papua New Guinea, two women are beheaded for sorcery

2013- Fossilized dinosaur eggs are discovered in China

2015- Barack Obama and Raul Castro meet in Panama, the first meeting between US and Cuban leaders since the Cuban Revolution


147- Septimius Severus a roman emperor from 193 to 211 is born in Modern day Libya (it used to be Leptis Magna.

1370- Frederik I, the elector of Saxony

1492- Marguerite of Navarre, the wife of Henry II of Navarre1866- Clara Ford, wife of Henry Ford

1960- Jeremy Clarkson, an English Journalist and motoring commentator. Former host of Top Gear. (Image Right)

1888- Henry Ford marries Clara Jane Bryant

2009- Tennis Star Roger Federer marries Miroslava Vavrinec, former WTA tennis player in Basel, Switzerland


678- Donus, who was Pope from 676 to 678.

1034- Romanus III, Byzantine emperor from 1028 to 1034, is assassinated by his wife.

1240- Llywelyn ab lorwerth the Great, monarch of Wales from 1194 to 1240 dies

1512- Gaston de Foix, French pretended to the Navarre throne and title, dies in battle

1783- Nikita I Panin, Russian ambassador in Denmark dies at the age of 64

1921- Augusta Victoria , Queen of Prussia and wife of Emperor Wilhelm II

2013- Two women are executed for sorcery in Papua New Guinea -> http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2305638/Papua-New-Guinea-Two-women-tortured-beheaded-using-witchcraft-murder-teacher.html



Hello everyone, Whether it be France, or West Francia, Big Ben or the Titanic, there's a whole variety of interesting occurrences in today's edition of 'On This Day'


Richard Mills

837- Halley’s Comet approaches earth within 0.0334 AU’s of Earth.

847- St Leo IV begins his reign as the Catholic Pope (Image Right)

879- Louis III becomes the King of West Francia. West Francia was essentially France, but was the western side of France, after a spilt, and is now part of many countries, including France, Belgium, Spain and the Netherlands. There were three parts of France, West Francia, Middle Francia and East Francia. These parts were made because the three rulers, who all happened to be brothers, had inherited the crown, and they each were given three portions to rule. Find out more at –> https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/West_Francia

1516- France captures Ludovico Sforza, the Duke of Milan. To read more on Ludovico Sforza, and his colourful life, go to another of my articles right here –> http://millseducationviews.blogspot.com.au/2016/04/ludovico-sforza-was-influential-figure.html

1516- The first Jewish ghetto is established in Venice, Italy. Venice forces Jewish to live in a certain area.

1710- The first copyright laws are made in Great Britain.

1815- Austria declares was on the Realm of Naples.

1821- The Patriarch of Constantinople, Gregory V, is hung by the Ottoman Turks outside the main gates of the patriarchate, and then his body was thrown into the Bosphorus River. This was during/after the fall of Constantinople to the Ottoman Turks.

1825- The first hotel in Hawaii is opened.

1849- The Safety Pin, patented by Walter Hunt from New York City, has its rights sold for 400 dollars.

1858- “Big Ben”, the 13.75 tonne bell in London is recast. (Image Left)

1864- Austrian Arch-duke Maximilian becomes Maximilian I, the Emperor of Mexico.

1887- Abraham Lincoln is reburied with his wife in Springfield, Illinois. He was assassinated in 1865, on April the 14th

1912- RMS Titanic sets off from Southampton on her maiden voyage.

1923- Hitler demands “hatred and more hatred” in Berlin.

1925- The Great Gatsby, written by F Scott Fitzgerald is published by Scribners.

1945- Allies liberate the first Nazi concentration camp, Buchenwald (Czech Republic)

1947- King Frederik IX of Denmark is crowned (Image Right)

1970- Paul McCartney announced the official split of the Beatles.

1974- Yitzhak Rabin replaces Golda Meir, former PM of Israel, who resigned, as the 5th Prime Minister of Israel.

2012- Apple Inc. claims it has a value of 600 million dollars, making it the largest company by market capitalization in the world.


1512- James V, the King of Scots from 1513 to 1542

1569- Emilia van Nassau, the daughter of Willem of Orange and Anna of Saxon

1583- Hugo Grotius, the father of international law
2007- Princess Ariane of the Netherlands, a Dutch Princess (Image Left)

1959- Japan’s Crown Prince, Akihito, marries a commoner, Michiko Shoda


879- Louis the Stammerer, King of the West Franks (West Francia) from 877 to 879.

947- Hugo van Arles, count of Arles/King of Italy, dies

1362- Machteld, Countess of Holland

1533- Frederik I, King of Denmark/Norway from 1523 to 1533, dies at the age of 61.

1585- Gregory XIII, Italian Pope from 1572-1585 (Image Right)

1599- Gabrielle d’Estrée, mistress of Henry IV of France

1640- Charlotte Flandrina van Nassau, daughter of Willem I, dies at the age of  60

1760- Gerard George Cliffard, head of the East-Indian Company, dies at the age of 75.

2015- Richie Benaud, Australian cricketer and commentator dies at the age of 84. He was the first cricketer to reach 200 wickets and 2,000 runs in Test Cricket



Hello everyone,

From Kings to Queens, monks to Dried Milk, there is a lot of variety in today's edition of 'On This Day'!


Richard Mills


193- Septimius Severus is proclaimed the Roma Emperor

715- Constantine completes his reign as the Catholic Pope. This was because he died. His reign started in 708, on the 25th of March and his successor was Gregory II.

1413- Henry V’s coronation as the King of England. During his rule, he died in 1422, and was the second English ruler to come from the House of Lancaster. On the date of his coronation, a great snowstorm hit London, but the people did not know whether it was a good or bad omen. Nether the less, he continued with the war with France, now known as the Hundred Year War. He came close to conquering France, and therefore, signed a treaty with Charles VI of France, called the Treaty of Troyes. As well as this, he was appointed Regent of France, and heir-apparent of France, which meant that he was married to Charles VI’s daughters, Catherine of Valois, but soon later, Henry V suddenly died, leaving his infant son to rule England. (Image Top Right)

1440- Christopher of Bavaria is appointed the King of Denmark.

1454- Milan and Venice sign peace of Lodi. To find out more about the leadership of Milan, I wrote a piece on Ludovico Sforza yesterday, have a look at it here–> http://millseducationviews.blogspot.com.au/2016/04/ludovico-sforza-was-influential-figure.html
1483- Edward V succeeds his father, Edward IV, but is never crowned, as he disappears, at the age of 12, and is presumed murdered. (Image Right)

1555- Marcello Cervini is elected as Pope Marcellus II

1872- Samuel R Percy patents ‘Dried Milk’.

1918- Latvia proclaims its independence

1940- Germany invades Norway and Denmark, and Denmark surrenders during WWII

1963- Winston Churchill becomes the 1st US honorary citizen.

1967- The first Boeing 737 is rolled out, as well as making its maiden flight.

1968- Martin Luther King Jr. is buried at Atlanta

1969- The first flight of the Concorde 002 from Filton, Bristol. (Image Right)

1992- John Majors is elected the Prime Minister of England and Great Britain. He preceded Margret Thatcher, and was succeeded by Tony Blair.

2002- The Queen Mother’s funeral is held in a funeral where more than a million people filled the streets of London.

2005- Prince Charles of Wales marries Camilla Parker Bowles at Windsor’s Guildhall.

2013- The French Senate approves a bill that allows Same-sex marriage L


1649- James Scott, duke of Mournmouth and barstard son, or illegitimate child of English King, Charles II

1806- Isambard Kingdom Brunel, whom you may recall was in yesterday’s edition of ‘On This Day’. He was the designer of the 1st transatlantic steamer.
1835- Leopold II, the King of the Belgians from 1865-1909 (Image Right)

1867- Chris Watson, the Third Prime Minister of Australia

1926- Hugh Hefner, need I say any more?


2005- This was also in the History section, His Royal Highness, Charles, the Prince of Wales marries Camilla Parker Bowles, the now Duchess of Cornwall.


715- Constantine, A Syrian Pope from 708-715. He was also in the History section.

1024- Pope Benedict VIII, pope from 1012-1024, dies. Maybe today was a day for Pope’s to die? Constantine and Benedict?

1483- Henry IV, King of England from 1461-1470, and then again from 1471-1483. Read about his son in the History section.

1484- Edward of Middleham and Prince of Wales, the Son of King Richard III.

1492- Lorenzo de Medici , or Lorenzo the Magnificent, who was a Florentine patron of the arts and leader of Florence during the Italian Renaissance. He died at the age of 43.To read more about his dramatic rule, life and family, go here –> http://millseducationviews.blogspot.com.au/2016/02/the-medici-family.html

1553- Francois Rabelais, a French author, mostly famous for his book Gargantua and Pantagruel. He was a monk that made many famous quotes such as ‘You can lead a horse to water, but you can not make it drink it’ and ‘There are those who are blind and chose not to see’, ‘Everything comes in time to those who can wait’, ‘No clock is more regular than the belly’ and here’s one to upset you ‘A mother-in-law dies only when another devil is needed in hell’! He is quite a scream. (Image Right)

1626- Francis Bacon, and English statesman dies at the age of 65.

1747- Simon Fraser, 12th Baron Lovat Jacobite, and was the last man to be beheaded in England.

1765- Maria Louise van Hessen-Kassel, the Princess of Orange-Nassau, dies at 77. The House of Orange-Nassau is in the Netherlands, and played a central role in the Netherlands’ politics.

1806- George V of Orange Stadtholder of the Dutch Republic dies at the age of 58. The Stadtholder was the Chief Magistrate of the United Provinces of the Netherlands.

1904- Isabella II, the Queen of Spain from 1833 to 1868 dies at the age of 73.

1945- Georg Elser, the failed assassin of Hitler.


Hello everyone,

I will now be posting my 'On This Day' series on this page. I hope you find it. (If you are reading this, then you have already found it!) and use this as well as my other page.