Friday, 29 April 2016

On This Day 29th April

Hello everyone,

From Hitler, to King Haakon, and all in between, enjoy today's edition of 'On This Day'

HISTORY

1429- Joan of Arc arrives at the siege of Orleans

1587- Sir Francis Drake sails into Cadiz, in Spain, and sinks the Spanish fleet, which is known as the singeing of the King of Spain’s beard

1661- Pope Clement X is elected

1672- Louis XIV and his French forces invade the Netherlands

1706- Jozef I becomes the ruler of Cologne and Bavaria
 
1784- Mozart’s ‘Sonata in B flat’ is premiered in Vienna (Image Right)

1910- The 26th President of the United States, Theodore Roosevelt, visits Amsterdam, after his term

1916- The Easter Uprisings end in Ireland, with the Irish people leaving the post office in Dublin and surrender.

1930- The telecommunication line between Britain and Australia opens
 
1940- Norway’s king, Haakon, and his government, flee to Britain (Image Left)

1942- Jews are forced to wear a Jewish Star in the Netherlands

1945- 31, 601 people are liberated by the US Army from the Nazi concentration camp in Dachau

2011- Prince William and Kate Middleton (Now the Duchess of Cambridge) wed at Westminster Abbey

BIRTHS

1803- James Brooke, a British explorer, and the first white Rajah of Sarawak, being that from 1841 to 1868
 
1818- Alexander II N Romanov, Tsar of Russia from 1855 to 1881 (Image Right)

1899- Duke Ellington, composer and pianist

1915- Donald Mills, one of the brother in the Mills Brothers band

WEDDINGS

1945- Adolf Hitler, then 56, marries Eva Braun, who was then 33

2011- The now Duke and Duchess of Cambridge, Prince William and Princess Catherine, marry at Westminster Abbey

DEATHS

1980- Alfred Hitchcock, English director, dies at the age of 80(Image Left)



Thursday, 28 April 2016

On This Day 28th April

Hello everyone, 

Well, today certainly isn't the day to go mining, as two mines collapsed in West Virginia, on the same date, but it certainly is a good day to read todays edition of 'On This Day'

Regards,

Richard Mills

HISTORY

1192- Conrad I of Jerusalem, is assassinated two days after his title is confirmed by election (Image Left)

1770- Captain James Cook, and Sir Joseph Banks land at Botany Bay in Australia

1914- A coal mine in West Virginia collapses and 181 die

1924- A coal mine in West Virginia collapses, killing 119

1939- Hitler claims that the German and Polish non-attack treaty is still on

1941- The last of the British troops in Greece surrender

1952- Dwight D Eisenhower, the 32nd President of the united States, resigns as the Supreme Commander of NATO

1968- A 4 year old is strangled by 11 year old Mary Bell

1969- President of France, Charles de Gaulle

1996- Port Arthur Massacre  occurred, by gunman Martin Bryant, and killed 35 people, and injured 24. The perpetrator is now serving 35 life sentences, as well as 1035 years in prison, as a whole, over a range of charges including murder. He serves his term in Solitary Confinement, and is only allowed immediate family to visit him. He has no chance of parole, and is never to be released. (Bryant pictured right)

BIRTHS

32- Roman Emperor, Marcus Salvius Otto

1442- King of England from 1461 to 1470 and then 1471 to 1483, Edward IV

1758- 5th President of the United States from 1817 to 1825, James Monroe, (Imaged Right)

WEDDINGS

1967- Rupert Murdoch (36) marries Anna Torv (22)

DEATHS

1192- Conrad I, King of Jerusalem

1936- King of Egypt from 1922 to 1936, Foead I
 
1945- Benito Mussolini, Italian fascist dictator during World War I (Imaged Left)





 http://www.onthisday.com/day/april/28/





Wednesday, 27 April 2016

On This Day 27th April

Hello everyone,

From the Tea Act, to Beethoven, and all in between, check today's edition of 'On This Day'

Regards,

Richard Mills

HISTORY

1124- David I becomes the King of the Scots

1296- Edward I and his forces defeat the Scots at the battle of Dunbar
 
1509- Venice is excommunicated by Pope Julius II (Image Left)

1565- The first Spanish settlement in the Philippines, called Cebu City

1646- King Charles I flees from Oxford

1749- George Frederic Handel’s ‘Firework’s Music’ is first performed in London, at Green Park

1773- The Tea Act is passed by the British Parliament

1810- Beethoven composes his famous song, Für Elise

1840- The founding stone of the Palace of Westminster is laid by the wife of Sir Charles Barry
 
1865- Steamboat ‘SS Sultana’ explodes in the Mississippi River, which kills 1800 of the 2427 people on-board (Image Right)

1945- Italian Dictator, Benito Mussolini, is captured by the Italian people at Lake Como

BIRTHS

1650- Queen of Denmark and Norway, Charlotte Amalie of Hassel-Kassel

1701- King of Sardinia, Charles Emanuel I

1791- Samuel Morse

1822- 18th President of the united States from 1896 to 1877, Ulysses S. Grant (Image Left)

1848- King of Bavaria, Otto I

WEDDINGS

19810 Beatles star, Ringo Starr, married Barbara Bach, an actress

DEATHS





630- King Ardashir III of Persia

1124- King of Scots from 1107 to 1124, Alexander I (Image Right)

1605- Leo XI, (previously Alessandro O de’ Medici), Italian pope in 1605, dies at the age of 69

1682- Theodorus III, Tsar of Russia from 1676 to 1682

1893- the 14th Premier of New Zealand, John Balance, and the founder of the Liberal Party



Tuesday, 26 April 2016

On This Day 26th April

Hello everyone,

from assassinations, to assassins, Shakespeare to Universities, theres a lot to catch up on in todays edition of' 'On This Day'

Regards,

Richard Mills

HISTORY

757- Pope Stephen II is replaced by his brother, Paolo Orsini, as Paul I

1220- Bishops are granted sovereign rights by German King, Frederick II

1336- Mount Ventoux is climbed by Renaissance poet, Francesco Petrarch (Image Left)

1478- Lorenzo and Giuliano de Medici, are attacked by Pazzi supporters, during Easter Sunday, in the Duomo of Florence, Santa Maria del Fiore, and Giuliano is assassinated, by Francesco de Pazzi and Bernardo Baroncelli, from a sword wound to his head, and he was later stabbed 23 times. 

1607- The 1st English colony in America is formed, at Cape Henry, Virginia

1654- Jews are banned from Brazil

1677- The University of Innsbruck, is formed by Leopold I

1755- The first University opens in Russian, in Moscow

1814- Louis XVIII of France, lands in England, at Calais (Image Right)

1828- To support Greece’s independence, Russia declares war on Turkey

1853- The second chamber is disbanded by Dutch king William III

1859- Dan Sickles becomes the first man to be acquitted of murder on the grounds of ‘insanity’, in America

1929- The first non-stop flight from England to India lands

1951- Brielsche Mausoleum, is opened by Queen Juliana of the Netherlands

1959- Panama is invaded by Cuba

BIRTHS

121- Roman Emperor from 161 to 180, Antonius Marcus Aurelius, is born in Rome

1564- William Shakespeare. Now you might remember, that a few days ago, I also wrote about Shakespeare’s birth and death, but this does not render that true, it is just that today is considered to be Shakespeare’s ‘baptism’

1573- Queen of France, Marie de Medici (Image Left)

1648- King of Portugal from 1683 to 1706, Pedro II

1662- Queen consort of Spain, Maria Luisa of Orleans

1782- Maria Amelia of Bourbon-Sicily, and the wife of Louis Phillip of Austria

1856- The 17th Prime Minister of New Zealand, Sir Joseph Ward

WEDDINGS

1923- Albert, Duke of York (later King George VI), marries Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon (later Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother), at Westminster Abbey

1987- Actor, Arnold Schwarzenegger, marries Maria Shriver
 
DEATHS

757- Pope Stephen II, Pope from 752 to 757

1192- Emperor Go-Shirakawa of Japan

1196- Alfonso II, King of Aragon from 1162 to 1196

1865- John Booth Wilkes, assassin of President Abraham Lincoln, is shot dead, at the age of 27 (Image Right)

1989- Actress Lucille Ball dies from a heart attack at the age of 78



Monday, 25 April 2016

On This Day 25th April

Hello everyone,

Today, in Australia, I know, and lots of other countries, we are commemorating ANZAC day, when the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps landed upon the shores of Gallipoli, at modern day ANZAC Cove.
We Will Remember Them

HISTORY





1607- The Battle at Gibraltar results in the victory of Dutch ships, and the defeat of the Spanish/Portuguese forces

1614- The Amsterdam Bank of Loans forms
 
1660- Charles II, English King from 1660 to 1985, wins a vote in which it is decided that England would restore the monarchy, and crown Charles II (Image Right)

1684- The patent for the thimble is granted

1719- Daniel Defoe publishes ‘Robinson Crusoe’. You may remember that it was his death-day yesterday in 1731.

1747- Prince Willem V, is declared the viceroy of New Zealand

1792- The guillotine has its first use today, in France, where it was used to execute highwayman, Nicolas Pelletier

1829- Charles Freemantle, from HMS Challenger, lands upon the modern-day coast of Western Australia

1867- Tokyo opens up for foreign trade

1881- A petition in Germany dictates that 250,000 Germans wanted Jews to be barred from entering Germany

1886- The Father of psyology, Sigmund Freud, opens a practice at Rathausstrasse 7, in Vienna

1915- The Battle of Gallipoli begins, with Australian and New Zealand forces landing at present day ‘ANZAC Cove’ (Image Left)

1945- Berlin is completely surrounded by the Red Army

BIRTHS

1214- King of France from 1226 to 1270, King Louis IX

1229- King of Germany, Jerusalem and Sicily, Conrad IV
 
1284- King of England from 1307 to 1327, King Edward II (Image Right)

 1599- Oliver Cromwell, Lord Protector of England from 1653 to 1658

DEATHS

68- The founder of Christianity in Africa, St Mark

1295- King of Castile, Sancho IV the Brave

1342- Pope from 1334 to 1342, Pope Benedict XII

1566- French King, Henry II’s mistress, Diane de Poitiers dies at the age of 66
 
1605- King of Siam, Naresuan

1744- Anders Celsius, a Swedish astronomer who proposed the Celsius temperature scale, dies at the age of 42 (Image Right)