Friday, 8 April 2016

On This Day 8th April

Hello everyone,
Well, today certainly was interesting. Remember a few days ago when Raphael died on his birthday? If you don't then the link is here, but Henry Sydney, the 1st Earl of Romney also died on his birthday today! What a coincidence!

Raphael's birth and death day is here –> 
http://millseducationviews.blogspot.com.au/2016/04/on-this-day-6th-april.html

Regards,

Richard Mills


HISTORY

217- Roman Emperor, Caracalla is assassinated, and then succeeded by Marcus Opellius Macrinus, who happened to be his Praetorian Guard Prefect! Talk about loyalty!

1139- Roger II of Sicily is excommunicated by Pope Innocent II. This was due to him apparently continuing schismatic behaviour. This all boiled down to the schism that had occurred after Pope Honorius II died in 1130. He was excommunicated at a council held called the Second Council of the Lateran. For more information (because it is interesting) visit; https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Second_Council_of_the_Lateran !

1455- Alfonso de Borgia is elected as Pope Callistus III. For more information on another member of the Borgia’s, Cesare Borgia, who was a ruthless military leader, I have an article on them here- http://millseducationviews.blogspot.com.au/2016/03/ceasre-borgia.html

1500- King Louis XII defeats the Duke of Milan, Ludovico Sforza, whom I will be posting about in coming days. (Image right)

1781- Mozart premiere’s his violin sonata K379- Yesterday it was Bach, today, it's Mozart! It is a really good piece, though, go and check it out

1789- The first meeting in the US House of Representatives is held.

1796- German mathematician Carl Friedrich Gauss, proves the quadratic reciprocity law.

1832- Charles Darwin begins his trip through Rio de Janeiro

1838- The British steamship, ‘the Great Western’ begins her maiden voyage from Bristol in England to New York City in America. This voyage, however, was not a great voyage, as there were only 7 passengers! This was because, on her way to Avonmouth, in Bristol, a fire broke out in the engine room of the ship, and Isambard Kingdom Brunel, a British Engineer who lived from 1806 to 1859, and son of Sir Marc Isambard Brunel, fell 6.1 metres, and had to be put to port at Canvey Island. Minimal damage occurred to the ship, but as a result of the incident, and the injury of Brunel, 50 passengers cancelled their tickets, leaving only 7! (Image right)

1879- Milk was sold in glass bottles for the first time

1913- China’s first parliament takes place in Peking, and now happens in Beijing.

1983- David Copperfield, a magician, makes the Statue of Liberty disappear in front of a audience of 20 tourists.

1990- King Birendra of Nepal lifts the 30 year ban on political parties.

1994- Smoking is banned in the Pentagon and all US military bases.

2004- Condoleezza Rice, the US National Secretary Advisor, attested before the 9/11 Commission

2012- The 265th Pope, Pope Benedict XVI calls for the end of Syrian blood shed in his Papal Easter Message.



BIRTHS

1320- King Peter I of Portugal

1460- Juan Ponce de Léon, a Spanish explorer and conqueror, who searched for the Fountain of Youth and was the first European to discover Florida

1605- Phillip IV, King of Spain and Portugal from 1621 to 1665.

1641- Henry Sydney, 1st Earl of Romney. In the DEATHS Section, you will also find his name. He died on his birthday. This is amazing as this is what happened to Raphael on the 6th of April, only two days ago. Have a look at his story on this short write up about his life-
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_Sydney,_1st_Earl_of_Romney
(Image right)

1818- Christaan IX, King of Denmark from 1863 to 1906.

1918- Betty Ford, US First Lady from 1974 to 1977

1926- Henry N. Cobb, an American architect, who designed many buildings including the Johnson and Johnson World Headquarters in New Jersey, The World Trade Centre in Baltimore and Torre Espacio in Madrid, Spain.

1948- Robert A Litchfield, an American bank robber, and was on the FBI’s most wanted people list during the 1980’s .

                                                          WEDDINGS

1716- Duke Karel Leopold of Mecklenburg-Schwerin weds Tsar Peter the Great’s niece, and along with that, signs a covenant with Russia.

DEATHS

217- Caracalla, roman emperor from 198 to 217 is assassinated at the age of 29. His death is also in the HISTORY section.

1364- John II the Good, King of France from 1350 to 1564 dies at the age of 44.

1498- Charles VIII, King of France from 1483 to 1498 is beheaded (Image left)

1704- Henry Sydney, 1st Earl of Romney dies on his birthday.

1973- Pablo Picasso, the Spanish/French painter dies at the age of 91

2000- American actress Claire Trevor dies at the age of 90.


2013- Margaret Thatcher, who was the British Prime minister from 1979 to 1990, died at the age of 87. She was sometimes referred to as the ‘Iron lady’. She died of a stroke. (Image Right)