Tuesday, 12 April 2016

On This Day 12th April

Hello everyone, well, from flags, to music, pirates to presidents, plenty happened 'On This Day', the 12th April. Lets hope you can make history today, or at least read about it here!

Regards,

Richard Mills

HISTORY

1111- Henry V is crowned Emperor of the Roman Empire by Pope Paschalis II. Henry V was also King of Germany and King of Italy.

1204- 4th Crusade, called for by  Pope Innocent III to liberate Jerusalem from the Muslims, occupies and plunders Constantinople, which would later fall to the Ottoman Turks.

1545- Francois I, French King from 1515 to 1547, ordered Protestants in Vaudois be killed.

1557- Cuenca is founded in Ecuador. It is now the capital of the Azuay Province, and has a population of 400,000 to 700,000 people.
 
1606- England adopts the Union Flag. This is not the same flag as the internationally recognised Union Jack today, but was the flag prior to this. In 1801, the Union Flag was replaced by England’s current, Union Jack. (Image Right shows the progression of the English flag, through to the Union Flag, and then to the Union Flag which is still used today.)

1654- The English Council of State passes the Ordinance of Union, a peace between England and Scotland.

1713- The Dutch held Orange princedom is lost when the Netherlands signs off to peace with France.

1782- the battle at Les Saintes West-Indies results in the British fleet defeating the French

1872- Jesse James ribs a bank in Columbia, Kentucky, America, which results in one deaths, and $1,500 dollars stolen.

1911- First non-stop flight from London to Paris is completed by Pierre Prier in 3 hours and 56 minutes.

1931- Spanish votes reject the monarchy

1945- 32nd US President, Franklin Roosevelt dies while holding office, and his Vice-President,  Harry Truman, is sworn into office as the 33rd US President.

1946- Syria gains independence from France.

1961- Yuri Alexeyevich Gagarin becomes the first man and human to orbit outer space in spaceship Vostok 1.

1963- the Beatles releases ‘From Me To You’ in the UK.

1973- Sudan adopts a constitution

1973- And Swaziland suspends its constitution

1983- Harold Washington is elected as the 1st black mayor of Chicago

1987- Texaco files for bankruptcy. The Oil Industry Company is still running today with its parent organization as Chevron.

1992- Trump Shuttle becomes US Air Shuttle

2009- US Navy rescues Captain Richard Phillips from pirates, killing 3 pirates and capturing the fourth.

2015- Hilary Clinton declares she will run for the Democratic nomination vote, and then US President for the second time.

BIRTHS

1577- Christian IV of Denmark (Image Left)

1764- Dirk van den Boetzelaer, Regent of Holland

1912- Herbert Mills, singer in the Mills Brothers

1950- Joyce Banda, President of Malawi, a country in Africa, from 2012 to 2014

WEDDINGS

1385- John the Fearless, Duke of Burgundy, marries Margaret of Bavaria in a political marriage

1385- Willem van Oostervant of Bavaria weds Phillip the Bold’s daughter, Marguerite who was 10.

2003- Prince Laurent of Belgium (39) marries Claire Coombs (29) in Belgium.

DEATHS

238- Gordian II die in battle at Carthage. He was co-emperor with his father Gordian I.

238- Gordian II suicides after losing battle at Carthage and the death of his son.

351- Julius I, Pope from 337 to 352, dies
 
1125- Vladislaus I of Bohemia

1550- Claude of Lorraine, duke of Guise dies at the age of 53

1555- Joanna of Castile, also known as Joanna the mad, and wife of Phillip I of Castile, dies at the age of 75 (Image Right)

1945- Franklin Roosevelt, the 32nd US President from 1933 to 1945, dies in office at the age of 63 from stroke.