Monday, 11 April 2016

On This Day 11th April

Hello Everyone, 

I hope you enjoy today's edition of 'On This Day'

Regards,

Richard Mills

HISTORY

672- Deusdedit III begins his reign as the Catholic Pope

1079- Bishop Stanislaus of Krakow is executed, under orders by Boleslaw II of Poland

1471- War Of The Roses- King Edward IV of England conquers London, and takes it from Henry VI

1551- John Dudley, who was an English premier, is appointed duke of Northumberland

1564- England and France sign the Treaty of Troyes

1567- William of Orange, a Dutch prince, flees Antwerp, and goes to Breda.

1689- William III and Mary II are crowned, as joint ruers of Great Britain. (Image Right)

1775- The last execution, on a charge of witchcraft is carried out

1783- Hostilities on the American Revolutionary War formally cease

1814- French Emperor, Napoleon Bonaparte abdicated, unconditionally, and is exiled to Elba. His abdication is announced in this verbage;
The Allied Powers having declared that Emperor Napoleon was the sole obstacle to the restoration of peace in Europe, Emperor Napoleon, faithful to his oath, declares that he renounces, for himself and his heirs, the thrones of France and Italy, and that there is no personal sacrifice, even that of his life, which he is not ready to do in the interests of France.
Completed in the palace of Fontainebleau.
That was from Wikipedia, and to read more on his exile to Elba, and other areas, go here–> https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Napoleon#Exile_to_Elba

1848- Hungary becomes a constitutional monarchy under the rule of King Ferdinand of Austria

1686- The shogunate is abolished in Japan

1881- ‘Princess Victoria’, a river ferry, sinks in the Thames River, Ontario, killing 180.

1881- Spelman College, in Atlanta, Georgia, America, is founded. It is still running today, and is ranked 177 of private colleges, and 44 in the South.
To see more about this college, and its rankings, go here –> http://www.forbes.com/colleges/spelman-college/

1900- The first modern submarine, designed by John Philip Holland, is sold to the US Navy, where it also makes its debut today. It was called USS Holland, but was decommissioned in 1905.

1912- RMS Titanic leaves Queenstown in Ireland for New York City. (Image Left)

1914- The Mexican President, Victoriano Huerta, cuts off all diplomatic relations and links with the US

1921- The first sports broadcast on the radio happens.

1933- Hermann Goering becomes the premier of Prussia. The Kingdom of Prussia was dissolved in 1947.

1941- Germany suddenly attacks Coventry, England

1941- Jewish newspaper, Jewish weekly, is taken control of by Nazi forces

1941- Jewish assets in the Netherlands are confiscated.

1945- US soldiers liberate the Nazi concentration camp, ‘Buchenwald’

1950- Monaco has a new ruler, Prince Rainier III

1957- Singapore has self-rule, under an agreement with the British

1959- Bernhard, a Dutch prince, visits the Lockheed factory.
 
1963- Pope John XXIII sends a letter to all the bishops of the Catholic Church about peace, justice, charity and liberty. (Image Right)

1966- Frank Sinatra records his song ‘Strangers in the Night’, a single for his album also entitled ‘Stranger in the Night’. This song later reaches number 1 on the billboard charts.

1970- Apollo 13 launches for the moon. It is unable to land, and returnsto earth six days later.

1970- the Beatles hit ‘Let it be’ hits number 1 on the charts, where it stays for two weeks

1976- Apple I computer, created by Steve Wozniak, is released for purchase.

1980- Paul McCartney releases his son, ‘Coming Up’

1981- Ronald Regan, the US president, arrives back home after being shot by Hinkley

1984- astronauts from the spaceship ‘Challenger’ complete the first in-space repair of a satellite

1984- Vietnam is invaded by China

1986- A 1921 Canadian 50 piece is auctioned in New York City for $22, 000

1986- Halley’s Comet makes its closest approach to Earth, only 63 M km’s away

1988- The Royal Concert Hall in Amsterdam reopens

1992- Irish Republican Army bombs the Central Business District of England, which kills three people.

1996- The ‘King and I’ premiers in New York City in the Neil Simon theatre

2012- Warren Buffet, a Billionaire, is diagnosed with Prostate cancer

2013- In Papua New Guinea, two women are beheaded for sorcery

2013- Fossilized dinosaur eggs are discovered in China

2015- Barack Obama and Raul Castro meet in Panama, the first meeting between US and Cuban leaders since the Cuban Revolution

BIRTHS

147- Septimius Severus a roman emperor from 193 to 211 is born in Modern day Libya (it used to be Leptis Magna.

1370- Frederik I, the elector of Saxony

1492- Marguerite of Navarre, the wife of Henry II of Navarre1866- Clara Ford, wife of Henry Ford

1960- Jeremy Clarkson, an English Journalist and motoring commentator. Former host of Top Gear. (Image Right)

1888- Henry Ford marries Clara Jane Bryant

2009- Tennis Star Roger Federer marries Miroslava Vavrinec, former WTA tennis player in Basel, Switzerland

DEATHS

678- Donus, who was Pope from 676 to 678.

1034- Romanus III, Byzantine emperor from 1028 to 1034, is assassinated by his wife.

1240- Llywelyn ab lorwerth the Great, monarch of Wales from 1194 to 1240 dies

1512- Gaston de Foix, French pretended to the Navarre throne and title, dies in battle

1783- Nikita I Panin, Russian ambassador in Denmark dies at the age of 64

1921- Augusta Victoria , Queen of Prussia and wife of Emperor Wilhelm II

2013- Two women are executed for sorcery in Papua New Guinea -> http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2305638/Papua-New-Guinea-Two-women-tortured-beheaded-using-witchcraft-murder-teacher.html