Sunday, 10 April 2016

On This Day 10th April

Hello everyone, Whether it be France, or West Francia, Big Ben or the Titanic, there's a whole variety of interesting occurrences in today's edition of 'On This Day'

Regards,

Richard Mills

HISTORY
837- Halley’s Comet approaches earth within 0.0334 AU’s of Earth.

847- St Leo IV begins his reign as the Catholic Pope (Image Right)

879- Louis III becomes the King of West Francia. West Francia was essentially France, but was the western side of France, after a spilt, and is now part of many countries, including France, Belgium, Spain and the Netherlands. There were three parts of France, West Francia, Middle Francia and East Francia. These parts were made because the three rulers, who all happened to be brothers, had inherited the crown, and they each were given three portions to rule. Find out more at –> https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/West_Francia

1516- France captures Ludovico Sforza, the Duke of Milan. To read more on Ludovico Sforza, and his colourful life, go to another of my articles right here –> http://millseducationviews.blogspot.com.au/2016/04/ludovico-sforza-was-influential-figure.html

1516- The first Jewish ghetto is established in Venice, Italy. Venice forces Jewish to live in a certain area.

1710- The first copyright laws are made in Great Britain.

1815- Austria declares was on the Realm of Naples.

1821- The Patriarch of Constantinople, Gregory V, is hung by the Ottoman Turks outside the main gates of the patriarchate, and then his body was thrown into the Bosphorus River. This was during/after the fall of Constantinople to the Ottoman Turks.

1825- The first hotel in Hawaii is opened.

1849- The Safety Pin, patented by Walter Hunt from New York City, has its rights sold for 400 dollars.

1858- “Big Ben”, the 13.75 tonne bell in London is recast. (Image Left)

1864- Austrian Arch-duke Maximilian becomes Maximilian I, the Emperor of Mexico.

1887- Abraham Lincoln is reburied with his wife in Springfield, Illinois. He was assassinated in 1865, on April the 14th

1912- RMS Titanic sets off from Southampton on her maiden voyage.

1923- Hitler demands “hatred and more hatred” in Berlin.

1925- The Great Gatsby, written by F Scott Fitzgerald is published by Scribners.

1945- Allies liberate the first Nazi concentration camp, Buchenwald (Czech Republic)

1947- King Frederik IX of Denmark is crowned (Image Right)

1970- Paul McCartney announced the official split of the Beatles.

1974- Yitzhak Rabin replaces Golda Meir, former PM of Israel, who resigned, as the 5th Prime Minister of Israel.

2012- Apple Inc. claims it has a value of 600 million dollars, making it the largest company by market capitalization in the world.

BIRTHS

1512- James V, the King of Scots from 1513 to 1542

1569- Emilia van Nassau, the daughter of Willem of Orange and Anna of Saxon

1583- Hugo Grotius, the father of internationl law
 
2007- Princess Ariane of the Netherlands, a Dutch Princess (Image Left)

1959- Japan’s Crown Prince, Akihito, marries a commoner, Michiko Shoda

DEATHS

879- Louis the Stammerer, King of the West Franks (West Francia) from 877 to 879.

947- Hugo van Arles, count of Arles/King of Italy, dies

1362- Machteld, Countess of Holland

1533- Frederik I, King of Denmark/Norway from 1523 to 1533, dies at the age of 61.

1585- Gregory XIII, Italian Pope from 1572-1585 (Image Right)

1599- Gabrielle d’EstrĂ©e, mistress of Henry IV of France

1640- Charlotte Flandrina van Nassau, daughter of Willem I, dies at the age of  60

1760- Gerard George Cliffard, head of the East-Indian Company, dies at the age of 75.

2015- Richie Benaud, Australian cricketer and commentator dies at the age of 84. He was the first cricketer to reach 200 wickets and 2,000 runs in Test Cricket